Observed anomalous upwelling in the Lakshadweep Sea during the summer monsoon season of 2005

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dc.contributor.author Gopalakrishna, V.V.
dc.contributor.author Rao, R.R.
dc.contributor.author Nisha, K.
dc.contributor.author GirishKumar, M.S.
dc.contributor.author Pankajakshan, T.
dc.contributor.author Ravichandran, M.
dc.contributor.author Johnson, Z.
dc.contributor.author Girish, K.
dc.contributor.author Aneeshkumar, N.
dc.contributor.author Srinath, M.
dc.contributor.author Rajesh, S.
dc.contributor.author Rajan, C.K.
dc.date.accessioned 2008-05-26T11:39:50Z
dc.date.available 2008-05-26T11:39:50Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.113; C05001
dc.identifier.uri http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/1083
dc.description.abstract Repeat near-fortnightly expendable bathythermograph (XBT) transects made along Kochi-Kavaratti (KK) shipping lane in the Lakshadweep Sea (LS) during 2002–2006 are examined to describe the observed year-to-year variability of upwelling during summer monsoon season (SMS). Among all the years, the upwelling characterized by up-sloping of 25 degrees C isotherm is relatively weaker and persisted until November during SMS of 2005 and is stronger during the SMS of 2002. As a result of prolonged upwelling, the sea surface temperature has shown cooling extending into the postmonsoon season. The estimated marine pelagic fish landings along the southwest coast of India (SWCI) have also shown increase until December. The governing mechanisms both in terms of local and remote forcings are examined to explain the observed anomalous upwelling during SMS of 2005. The equatorward alongshore wind stress (WS) along the KK XBT transect persisted in a transient manner beyond September only during SMS of 2005. The westerly wind bursts over the equator during the winter of 2004–2005 are both short-lived and relatively weaker triggering weaker upwelling Kelvin waves that propagated into LS in the following SMS of 2005. The observed distribution of negative sea surface height anomaly in the LS is relatively weaker during the SMS of 2005 and lasted longer. The correlation analysis suggests that the local alongshore WS off the SWCI and the remote forcing from the southern coast of Sri Lanka has greater influence on the observed interannual variability of upwelling in the LS when compared to the remote forcing from the equator.
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union
dc.rights Copyright AGU[2008]. It is tried to respect the rights of the copyright holders to the best of the knowledge. If it is brought to our notice by copyright holder that the rights are voilated then the item would be withdrawn.
dc.subject Lakshadweep Sea
dc.subject summer monsoon
dc.subject upwelling
dc.subject southwest coast of India
dc.title Observed anomalous upwelling in the Lakshadweep Sea during the summer monsoon season of 2005
dc.type Journal Article

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