A new technique for the estimation of sea surface salinity in the tropical Indian Ocean from OLR

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dc.contributor.author Murty, V.S.N.
dc.contributor.author Subrahmanyam, B.
dc.contributor.author Tilvi, V.
dc.contributor.author O'Brien, J.J.
dc.date.accessioned 2008-07-02T07:32:27Z
dc.date.available 2008-07-02T07:32:27Z
dc.date.issued 2004
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol.109; 26pp.
dc.identifier.uri http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/1193
dc.description.abstract Algorithms are developed for the estimation of sea surface salinity (SSS) in the tropical Indian Ocean from the space-borne satellite measurements of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR). The algorithms are based on the interrelationships between OLR, the effective oceanic layer (EOL), climatological SSS (World Ocean Atlas 1998 (WOA98)), and freshwater flux (P-E). Coupling between the atmospheric convection (OLR) and the geopotential thickness of the oceanic near-surface stratified layer (EOL) forms the main relationship for the estimation of SSS, followed by the relationships between EOL and WOA98 SSS and between OLR and P-E. The SSS has been estimated using 16 years (1979-1994) of OLR data and the algorithms for the tropical Indian Ocean. The estimated SSS at 2.5 degrees x 2.5 degrees grid on monthly scale is nearer to the WOA98 SSS with lower differences within plus or minus 0.5-0.8 away from the coastal region. The estimated SSS also agreesreasonably with the observed SSS along the trans-Indian zonal sections occupied during World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) and also other sections. The SSS differences bring out clearly the impact of the strong 1997-1998 El Nino on the rainfall in the southeastern Indian Ocean and the eastern equatorial region. On the basis of the results, the seasonal and interannual variability of SSS in the tropical Indian Ocean are discussed. Through a physical model, phase lags between P-E and SSS and between OLR and P-E are estimated and their incorporation into the algorithms is suggested for improvement in the estimation of SSS. This SSS information is useful to the studies on coupled models, El Nino-Southern Oscillation forecast models, and Ocean Global Circulation Models or regional scale circulation models.
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union
dc.rights Copyright [2004]. It is tried to respect the rights of the copyright holders to the best of the knowledge. If it is brought to our notice that the rights are violated then the item would be withdrawn.
dc.subject salinity
dc.subject sea surface
dc.subject radiation
dc.subject surface temperature
dc.subject air-sea interaction
dc.subject el nino phenomena
dc.subject southern oscillation
dc.title A new technique for the estimation of sea surface salinity in the tropical Indian Ocean from OLR
dc.type Journal Article

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