Sea level changes along the Indian coast: Observations and projections

Show simple item record Unnikrishnan, A.S. Kumar, K.R. Fernandes, S.E. Michael, G.S. Patwardhan, S.K. 2006-06-27T06:54:43Z 2006-06-27T06:54:43Z 2006
dc.identifier.citation Current Science, vol. 90(3), 362-368p.
dc.description.abstract Sea level changes can be of two types: (i) changes in the mean sea level and (ii) changes in the extreme sea level. The former is a global phenomenon while the latter is a regional phenomenon. Estimates of mean sea level rise made from past tide gauge data at selected stations along the coast of India indicate a rise of slightly less than 1 mm/year; however these estimates need to be corrected by including the rates of vertical land movements, whose measurements are not available at present. Simulation results of a regional climate model, HadRM2, were analysed for the northern Indian Ocean to provide the future scenarios of the occurrence of tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal for the period 2041–60. This model simulations consist of a control run with concentration of CO2 kept constant at 1990 levels and a perturbed run with transient increase in the concentrations of CO2 (GHG) according to the IS92a scenario for the period 2041–2060. The simulation results show increase in frequencies of tropical cyclones in the Bay, particularly intense events during the postmonsoon period, for the increased GHG run. A storm surge model was used to compute the surges associated with the cyclones generated by the climate model. The storm surge model was forced by the wind field from HadRM2 over the model domain and tides prescribed along the open boundary from a global tidal model. The frequency of high surges is found to be higher in the model run forced by winds from increased GHG run than in the model run forced by winds from the control run.
dc.format.extent 253952 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Indian Academy of Sciences
dc.subject Future climate projection
dc.subject regional climate model
dc.subject sea level rise
dc.subject tide gauge data
dc.title Sea level changes along the Indian coast: Observations and projections
dc.type Journal Article

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