Increased marine production of N sub(2)O due to intensifying anoxia on the Indian continental shelf

Show simple item record Naqvi, S.W.A. Jayakumar, D.A. Narvekar, P.V. Naik, H. Sarma, V.V.S.S. DeSouza, W. Joseph, S. George, M.D. 2009-01-09T07:54:11Z 2009-01-09T07:54:11Z 2000
dc.identifier.citation Nature, Vol.408; 346-349p.
dc.description.abstract Eutrophication of surface waters and hypoxia in bottom waters has been increasing in many coastal areas, leading to very large depletions of marine life in the affected regions. These areas of high surface productivity and low bottom-water oxygen concentration are caused by increasing runoff of nutrients from land. Although the local ecological and socio-economic effects have received much attention, the potential contribution of increasing hypoxia to global-change phenomena is unknown. The intensification of one of the largest low-oxygen zones in the ocean, which develops naturally over the western Indian continental shelf during late summer and autumn is reported here. The highest accumulations yet observed of hydrogen sulphide (H sub(2)S) and nitrous oxide (N sub(2)O) in open coastal waters is also reported. Increased N sub(2)O production is probably caused by the addition of anthropogenic nitrate and its subsequent denitrification, which is favoured by hypoxic conditions. It is suggested that a global expansion of hypoxic zones may lead to an increase in marine production and emission of N sub(2)O, which, as a potent greenhouse gas, could contribute significantly to the accumulation of radiatively active trace gases in the atmosphere
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Macmillan
dc.rights Copyright [2000]. All efforts have been made to respect the copyright to the best of our knowledge. Inadvertent omissions, if brought to our notice, stand for correction and withdrawal of document from this repository.
dc.subject biological production
dc.subject hydrogen sulphide
dc.subject nitrous oxide
dc.subject coastal waters
dc.subject anoxia
dc.subject hypoxia
dc.subject nutrients (mineral)
dc.subject denitrification
dc.title Increased marine production of N sub(2)O due to intensifying anoxia on the Indian continental shelf
dc.type Journal Article

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