Identification and characterization of tsunami deposits off southeast coast of India from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami: Rock magnetic and geochemical approach.

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dc.contributor.author Veerasingam, S.
dc.contributor.author Venkatachalapathy, R.
dc.contributor.author Basavaiah, N.
dc.contributor.author Ramkumar, T.
dc.contributor.author Venkatramanan, S.
dc.contributor.author Deenadayalan, K.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-08-06T12:41:39Z
dc.date.available 2014-08-06T12:41:39Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Earth System Science, vol.123(4); 2014; 905-921.
dc.identifier.uri http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/4575
dc.description.abstract The December 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami (IOT) had a major impact on the geomorphology and sedimentology of the east coast of India. Estimation of the magnitude of the tsunami from its deposits is a challenging topic to be developed in studies on tsunami hazard assessment. Two core sediments (C1 and C2) from Nagapattinam, southeast coast of India were subjected into textural, mineral, geochemical and rock-magnetic measurements. In both cores, three zones (noted zone I, II and II) have been distinguished based on mineralogical, geochemical and magnetic data. Zone II is featured by peculiar rock-magnetic, textural, mineralogical and geochemical signatures in both sediment cores that we interpret to correspond to the 2004 IOT deposit. Textural, mineralogical, geochemical and rock-magnetic investigations showed that the tsunami deposit is featured by relative enrichment in sand, quartz, feldspar, carbonate, SiO<sub>2</sub>, TiO<sub>2</sub>, K<sub>2</sub>O and CaO and by a depletion in clay and iron oxides. These results point to a dilution of reworked ferromagnetic particles into huge volume of paramagnetic materials, similarly to what has been described in other nearshore tsunami deposit (Font et al., 2010). Correlation analysis elucidated the relationships among the textural, mineral, geochemical and magnetic parameters, and suggests that most of the quartz-rich coarse sediments have been transported offshore by the tsunami wave. These results are well agreed with the previously published numerical model of tsunami induced sediment transport off southeast coast of India and can be used for future comparative studies on tsunami deposits.
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Indian Academy of Sciences
dc.rights © Indian Academy of Sciences. All efforts have been made to respect the copyright to the best of our knowledge. Inadvertent omissions, if brought to our notice, stand for correction and withdrawal of document from this repository.
dc.subject tsunami generation
dc.subject texture
dc.subject minerals
dc.subject geochemistry
dc.title Identification and characterization of tsunami deposits off southeast coast of India from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami: Rock magnetic and geochemical approach.
dc.type Journal Article


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