Tumour-like anomaly of copepods-an evaluation of the possible causes in Indian marine waters

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dc.contributor.author Jagadeesan, L.
dc.contributor.author Jyothibabu, R.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-04-11T08:20:34Z
dc.date.available 2016-04-11T08:20:34Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol.188(4); 2016; no.244 doi.: 10.1007/s10661-016-5230-6.
dc.identifier.other no
dc.identifier.uri http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/4951
dc.description.abstract Globally, tumour-like anomalies (TLA) in copepods and the critical assessment of their possible causes are rare. The exact causative factor and ecological consequences of TLA in copepods are still unclear and there is no quantitative data available so far to prove conclusively the mechanism involved in developing TLA in copepods. TLA in copepods are considered as a potential threat to the well-being of the aquatic food web, which prompted us to assess these abnormalities in Indian marine waters and assess the possible etiological agents. We carried out a focused study on copepods collected from 10 estuarine inlets and five coastal waters of India using a FlowCAM, advanced microscopes and laboratory-incubated observations. The analysis confirmed the presence of TLA in copepods with varying percentage of incidence in different environments. TLA was recorded in 24 species of copepods, which constituted ~1–15 % of the community in different environments. TLA was encountered more frequently in dominant copepods and exhibited diverse morphology; ~60 % was round, dark and granular, whereas ~20 % was round/oval, transparent and non-granular. TLA was mostly found in the dorsal and lateral regions of the prosome of copepods. The three suggested reasons/assumptions about the causes of TLA such as ecto-parasitism (Ellobiopsis infection), endo-parasitism (Blastodinium infection) and epibiont infections (Zoothamnium and Acineta) were assessed in the present study. We did find infections of endo-parasite Blastodinium, ecto-parasite Ellobiopsis and epibiont Zoothamnium and Acineta in copepods, but these infectious percentages were found <1.5 % to the total density and most of them are species specific. Detailed microscopical observations of the samples collected and the results of the incubation experiments of infected copepods revealed that ecto-parasitism, endo-parasitism and epibiont infections have less relevance to the formation of TLA in copepods. On the other hand, these studies corroborated the view that wounds on the exoskeleton caused by partial predation as the potential reason for the TLA of copepods in Indian waters
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Springer
dc.relation.requires Environ_Monit_Assess_188_244.jpg
dc.rights An edited version of this paper was published by Springer. This paper is for R & D purpose and Copyright [2016] Springer.
dc.subject AQUATIC COMMUNITIES::Zooplankton
dc.subject MICROBIOLOGY::General
dc.subject CRUSTACEANS::General
dc.subject AQUATIC POLLUTION::Effects on organisms
dc.title Tumour-like anomaly of copepods-an evaluation of the possible causes in Indian marine waters
dc.type Journal Article

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