Velocity-independent layer stripping of PP and PS reflection traveltimes

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dc.contributor.author Dewangan, P.
dc.contributor.author Tsvankin, I.
dc.date.accessioned 2007-04-13T07:13:27Z
dc.date.available 2007-04-13T07:13:27Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.identifier.citation Geophysics, vol.71(4), U59-U65pp.
dc.identifier.uri http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/578
dc.description.abstract Building accurate interval velocity models is critically important for seismic imaging and AVO (amplitude variation with offset) analysis. Here, we adapt the PP + PS = SS method to develop an exact technique for constructing the interval traveltime-offset function in a target zone beneath a horizontally layered overburden. All layers in the model can be anisotropic, with an essential assumption that the overburden has a horizontal symmetry plane (i.e., up-down symmetry). Our layer-stripping algorithm is entirely data-driven and, in contrast to the generalized Dix equations, does not require knowledge of the velocity field anywhere in the medium. Important advantages of our approach compared to the Dixstyle formalism also include the ability to handle mode-converted waves, long-offset data, and laterally heterogeneous target layers with multiple, curved reflectors. Numerical tests confirm the high accuracy of the algorithm in computing the interval traveltimes of both PP- and PS-waves in a dipping, transversely isotropic layer with a tilted symmetry axis (TTI medium) beneath an anisotropic overburden. In combination with the inversion techniques developed for homogeneous TTI models, the proposed layer stripping of PP and PS data can be used to estimate the interval parameters of TTI formations in such important exploration areas as the Canadian Foothills. Potential applications of this methodology also include the dip-moveout inversion for the P-wave time-processing parameter h(eta) and stable computation of the interval long-spread (nonhyperbolic) moveout for purposes of anisotropic velocity analysis.
dc.format.extent 359561 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Society of Exploration Geophysicists
dc.rights ©2006 Society of Exploration Geophysicists. All rights reserved. Authors and publishers may present or republish up to two figures or tables per SEG article or per SEG book without seeking written permission from SEG, provided that full acknowledgment of the source is provided in the new work. SEG considers this fair use. There are no fees associated with this permission. Authors who need documentation that SEG is extending this permission are encouraged to print this message and present it to their publishers. Those who require further documentation should contact the SEG publications director. SEG recommends that authors and publishers who intend to reuse SEG figures or tables also seek consent of the original work’s lead author, if possible. The member search on the SEG Web site might prove a helpful resource in locating these authors. Requests to use any portion of “Seismic Data Analysis: Processing, Inversion, and Interpretation of Seismic Data” should be directed to the SEG publications director.
dc.subject seismic imaging
dc.subject anisotropic velocity analysis
dc.title Velocity-independent layer stripping of PP and PS reflection traveltimes
dc.type Journal Article


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