Benthic foraminifera as pollution indices in the marine environment of west coast of India

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dc.contributor.author Setty, M.G.A.P.
dc.contributor.author Nigam, R.
dc.date.accessioned 1997-04-08T10:01:06Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-29T13:48:28Z
dc.date.available 1997-04-08T10:01:06Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-29T13:48:28Z
dc.date.issued 1984
dc.identifier.citation Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, vol.89(3); 1984; 421-436
dc.identifier.issn 0035-6883
dc.identifier.uri http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/6402
dc.description.abstract Two ecosystems affected by acidic pollutants (Thana Creek, Bombay and inshore area of Trivandrum, Kerala) and two other ecosystems affected by alkaline pollutants (Cola Bay, Goa and inshore area of Karwar, Karnataka) were studied for pollution effects monitoring through Foraminifera. In the Thana Creek area, Bombay, the magnitude of corrosive effect, lower-than-normal ornamentation, deepening of grooves and sutural thickenings, enlargement of pores, widening of apertures in Foraminifera were taken as indices of pollution effect. In the Cola bay area, Goa, the environment becomes hypertrophic resulting in large-sized, robust, mostly megalospheric forms of @iAmmonia, Elphidium@@ and @iFlorilus scaphum@@ are recorded at the proximal zone near the discharge point; miliolids in the transitional zone and dominantly smaller-sized @iNonionella, Fursenkoina pontoni, Bulimina marginata@@ at the distal zone quite far from the discharge point where pollutants are diluted and dissipated. In the Karwar area, Karnataka, pollutant causes reduced diversity with a decrease in foraminiferal population. Moreover, there is a reduction in size followed by test wall thinning in @iNonion@@ and @iAmmonia@@, increase of agglutinated forms near shore, and dispersal and dilution of the pollutants resulting in foraminiferal abundance. In the Trivandrum area, Kerala, the effluent effect presents morphological anomalies (@iOperculina, Cibicides@@), erosion along peripheries, induced growth in last few chambers, inferred dissolution and consequent destruction of small, thin-walled forms suggested by their absence, thus leaving only the larger ones in the entire area. Living/dead ratio is negatively oriented at all sites
dc.language en
dc.publisher Universita' degli Studi di Milano
dc.relation.ispartof Riv Ital Paleontol S
dc.relation.isreferencedby SCI
dc.subject Aquatic Pollution
dc.subject.other marine pollution
dc.subject.other marine environment
dc.subject.other indicator species
dc.subject.other benthos
dc.subject.other species diversity
dc.subject.other heterotrophic organisms
dc.subject.other environmental monitoring
dc.subject.other anomalies
dc.subject.other dispersion
dc.subject.other dilution
dc.subject.other dissolution
dc.subject.other Foraminifera
dc.subject.other ISW, India, West Coast
dc.title Benthic foraminifera as pollution indices in the marine environment of west coast of India
dc.type Journal Article
dc.affiliation.author CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa, India


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