Acoustic propagation within a surface duct in the western Bay of Bengal

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dc.contributor.author PrasannaKumar, S.
dc.contributor.author Navelkar, G.S.
dc.contributor.author Murty, T.V.R.
dc.contributor.author Murty, C.S.
dc.date.accessioned 1995-01-16T10:06:29Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-30T02:52:21Z
dc.date.available 1995-01-16T10:06:29Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-30T02:52:21Z
dc.date.issued 1994
dc.identifier.citation Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, vol.23(4); 1994; 236-238
dc.identifier.issn 0379-5136
dc.identifier.uri http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/7463
dc.description.abstract Sound speed structure forms a surface duct in the upper 50 m layer in the western Bay of Bengal during late July. A range-dependent acoustic ray computation shows that some rays emanating from a source within the upper 30 m, get trapped within this duct while the untrapped rays propagating as refracted bottom-reflected (RBR) rays. The extent of acoustic energy trapped depends on the critical angle of approximately 1~'. When the source depth coincides with the axis of the surface duct, all the rays within the above critical angle get trapped fully. With further decrease in the source depth, the limit of energy trapping reduces to 0.5 of a degree. The intensity level for a trapped ray is 10-15 dB higher than that of an untrapped RBR ray. The leakage of +0.6~' ray out of the surface duct can clearly be seen as change in the intensity level of about 15-20 dB which is attributed to the weakening of the duct at that range
dc.language en
dc.publisher CSIR-NISCAIR
dc.relation.ispartof Indian J Mar Sci
dc.relation.isreferencedby SCI
dc.subject Physical Ocean Science and Technology
dc.subject.other acoustic tomography
dc.subject.other sound velocity
dc.subject.other ISW, Bengal Bay
dc.title Acoustic propagation within a surface duct in the western Bay of Bengal
dc.type Journal Article
dc.affiliation.author CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa, India


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