Regional variations in the fluxes of foraminifera carbonate, coccolithophorid carbonate and biogenic opal in the northern Indian Ocean

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dc.contributor.author Ramaswamy, V.
dc.contributor.author Gaye, B.
dc.date.accessioned 2008-02-12T04:50:51Z
dc.date.available 2008-02-12T04:50:51Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.identifier.citation Deep-Sea Research I, Vol.53; 271-293p.
dc.identifier.uri http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/848
dc.description.abstract Mass fluxes of diatom opal, planktonic foraminifera carbonate and coccolithophorid carbonate were measured with time-series sediment traps at six sites in the Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and Equatorial Indian Ocean (EIOT). The above fluxes were related to regional variations in salinity, temperature and nutrient distribution. Annual fluxes of diatom opal range between 3 and 28 gm sup(-2) yr sup(-1), while planktonic foraminifera carbonate fluxes range between 6 and 23 gm sup(-2) yr sup(-1) and coccolithophorid carbonate fluxes range between 4 and 24 gm sup(-2) yr sup(-1). Annual planktonic foraminifera carbonate to coccolithophorid carbonate ratios range between 0.8 and 2.2 and coccolithophorid carbonate to diatom opal ratios range between 0.5 and 3.3. In the western Arabian Sea, coccolithophorids are the major contributors to biogenic flux during periods of low nutrient concentrations. Coccolithophorid carbonate fluxes decrease and planktonic foraminiferal carbonate and diatom opal fluxes increase when nutrient-rich upwelled waters are advected over the trap site. In the oligotropic eastern Arabian Sea, coccolithophorid carbonate fluxes are high throughout the year. Planktonic foraminiferal carbonate fluxes are the major contributors to biogenic flux in the EIOT. In the northern and central Bay of Bengal, when surface salinity values drop sharply during the SW monsoon, there is a drastic reduction in planktonic foraminiferal carbonate fluxes, but coccolithophorid carbonate and diatom opal fluxes remain steady or continue to increase. Distinctly higher annual molar Si sub(bio)/C sub(inorg) (is greater than 1) and C sub(org)/C sub(inorg) (is greater than 1.5) ratios are observed in the northern and central Bay of Bengal mainly due to lower foraminiferal carbonate production as a result of sharp salinity variations. It can thus be inferred that the enhanced freshwater supply from rivers should increase oceanic CO2 uptake. Its silicate supply favours the production of diatoms while the salinity drop produces conditions unfavourable for most planktonic foraminifera species.
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.rights Copyright [2006]. It is tried to respect the rights of the copyright holders to the best of the knowledge. If it is brought to our notice by copyright holder that the rights are voilated then the item would be withdrawn.
dc.subject regional variations
dc.subject foraminifera
dc.subject calcium carbonate
dc.subject coccoliths
dc.subject opal
dc.subject biogenic material
dc.subject temporal variations
dc.subject spatial variations
dc.subject sediment traps
dc.title Regional variations in the fluxes of foraminifera carbonate, coccolithophorid carbonate and biogenic opal in the northern Indian Ocean
dc.type Journal Article


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