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Ferro-manganese encrustation on the tympanic bulla of a minke whale from Central Indian Ocean Basin
Ear bone of a minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) was collected from 5200 m water depth with thin coating of Fe-Mn oxide on its surface. The Fe-Mn coating material was similar in nature and ratios Mn/Fe and Cu + Ni/Co ...
Paleogene ichthyoliths from the substrates of ferromanganese encrustations and nuclei of manganese nodules from the Central Indian Basin
(Palaeontological Society of India, 1987)
Ichthyoliths, the phosphatic microscopic skeletal debris of the fishes are found in the substrates and the nuclei of ferromanganese encrustations and the nodules collected from the Central Indian Ocean Basin. About thirty ...
Classification and inter-element relationships of ferromanganese nodules from the Central Indian Ocean Basin
The chemical composition of polymetallic nodule samples from 180 locations in the Central Indian Ocean Basin based on 600 chemical analyses has been investigated. These nodules contain a Mn/Fe ratio varying from 0.96 to ...
Mineralogy of polymetallic nodules and associated sediments from the Central Indian Ocean Basin
Todorokite is the dominant mineral phase in the nodules of the northern Central Indian Ocean Basin. These nodules are characterised by a rough surface texture, are relatively rich in Mn, Cu and Ni, and are associated with ...
Morphological variations in the polymetallic nodules from selected stations in the Central Indian Ocean
Polymetallic nodules from the Central Indian Ocean largely range in size from 2 to 6 cm. The smaller nodules (4 cm) are subspheroidal to spheroidal in shape and with the increase in size, nodules become more discoidal and ...