Maritime History of Andhra Pradesh and Prospects for Marine Archaeological Research
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Archaeological, epigraphical, numismatic and other sources confirm that similar to ports in other coastal states of India, the ports of Andhra Pradesh had played a significant role in spreading Indian culture overseas to other countries. In course of time, both manmade and natural factors such as weak successors, poor economy, attack by neighbouring kingdoms, coastal erosion, sea level changes, tectonic activities, natural hazards, sedimentation and formation of sand bars and dunes in the navigational channels etc; caused the decline of ports and trade centres. Explorations have brought to limelight some remains of maritime activities, which are lying in hinterland and onshore regions. However, underwater remains so far have not been explored. Even some important shipwrecks of the later period await the spade of marine archaeologists. Based on the results of explorations there emerges a need for comprehensive marine archaeological (both onshore and offshore) explorations in Andhra Pradesh that can bring out evidences of maritime activities of bygone centuries.
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