Oxygen isotope systematics of chondrules in the Allende CV3 chondrite: High precision ion microprobe studies
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The oxygen three-isotope systematics of 36 chondrules from the Allende CV3 chondrite are reported using high precision secondary ion mass spectrometer (CAMECA IMS-1280). Twenty-six chondrules have shown internally homogenous delta sup(17)O values among olivine, pyroxene, and spinel within a single chondrule. The average delta sup(17)O values of 19 FeO-poor chondrules (13 porphyritic chondrules, 2 barred olivine chondrules, and 4 chondrule fragments) show a peak at -5.3 + or -0.6 ppt (2SD). Another 5 porphyritic chondrules including both FeO-poor and FeO-rich ones show average delta sup(17)O values between -3 ppt and -2 ppt, and 2 other FeO-poor barred olivine chondrules show average delta sup(17)O values of -3.6 ppt and 0 ppt. These results are similar to those for Acfer 094 chondrules, showing bimodal delta sup(17)O values at -5 ppt and -2 ppt. Nine porphyritic chondrules contain olivine grains with heterogeneous delta sup(17)O values as low as -18 ppt, indicating that they are relict olivine grains and some of them were derived from precursors related to refractory inclusions. However, most relict olivine grains show oxygen isotope ratios that overlap with those in homogeneous chondrules. The delta sup(17)O values of four barred olivine chondrules range from -5 ppt to 0 ppt, indicating that not all BO chondrules plot near the terrestrial fractionation line as suggested by previous bulk chondrule analyses. Based on these data, we suggest the presence of multiple oxygen isotope reservoirs in local dust-rich protoplanetary disk, from which the CV3 parent asteroid formed. A compilation of 225 olivine and low-Ca pyroxene isotopic data from 36 chondrules analyzed in the present study lie between carbonaceous chondrite anhydrous mineral (CCAM) and Young and Russell lines. These data define a correlation line of delta sup(17)O = (0.982 + or - 0.019) X delta sup(18)O -(2.91 + or -0.10), which is similar to those defined by chondrules in CV3 chondrites and Acfer 094 in previous studies. Plagioclase analyses in two chondrules plot slightly below the CCAM line with delta sup(17)O values of -2.6 ppt, which might be the result of oxygen isotope exchange between chondrule mesostasis and aqueous fluid in the CV parent body.
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