Mobilization of manganese by basalt associated Mn(II)-oxidizing bacteria from the Indian Ridge System
MetadataShow full item record
The Indian Ridge System basalt bearing Mn-oxide coatings had todorokite as the major and birnesite as the minor mineral. We posit that microorganisms associated with these basalts participate in the oxidation of Mn and contribute to mineral deposition. We also hypothesized that, the Mn-oxidizing microbes may respond reversibly to pulses of fresh organic carbon introduced into the water column by mobilizing the Mn in Mn-oxides. To test these two hypotheses, we enumerated the number of Mn-oxidizers and -reducers and carried out studies on the mobilization of Mn by microbial communities associated with basalt. In medium containing 100 mew M Mn<sup>2+</sup>, 10<sup>3</sup> colony forming units (CFU) were recovered with undetectable number of reducers on Mn-oxide amended medium, suggesting that the community was more oxidative. Experiments were then conducted with basalt fragments at 4 ± 2 °C in the presence ‘G<sup>+</sup>’ and absence ‘G<sup>-</sup>’ of glucose (0.1%). Controls included set-ups, some of which were poisoned with 15 mM azide and the others of which were heat-killed. The mobilization of Mn in the presence of glucose was 1.76 mew g g<sup>-1</sup> d<sup>-1</sup> and in the absence, it was 0.17 mew g g<sup>-1</sup> d<sup>-1</sup> after 150 d. Mn mobilization with and without added glucose was 13 and 4 times greater than the corresponding azide treated controls. However, rates in ‘G<sup>+</sup>’ were 16 times and ‘G<sup>-</sup>’ 24 times more than the respective heat killed controls. The corresponding total counts in the presence of added glucose increased from 1.63 × 10<sup>6</sup> to 6.71 × 10<sup>7</sup> cells <sup></sup> and from 1.41 × 10<sup>7</sup> to 3.52 × 10<sup>7</sup> cells g<sup>-1</sup> in its absence. Thus, the addition of glucose as a proxy for organic carbon changed the community’s response from Mn(II)-oxidizing to Mn(IV)-reducing activity. The results confirm the participation of Mn oxidizing bacteria in the mobilization of Mn. Identification of culturable bacteria by 16S rRNA gene analysis showed taxonomic affiliations to Bacillus, Exiguobacterium, Staphylococcus, Brevibacterium and Alcanivorax sp.
- Scholarly literature