Oxygen deficiency in the North Indian Ocean
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The Indian Ocean contains one of the oceans' most pronounced oxygen minimum zone (OMZ), which anolalously, is the most intene in the northwestern sector (Arabian Sea). It also contains the majority of the area of oceanic continental margins in contact with oxygen-depleted waters. Impacts of the oxygen deficiency on regional biogeochemistry, especially anaerobic nitrogen transformaions, are described. A comparison of the perrenial, mesopelagic OMZ in the open Northwestern Indian Ocean is made with a shallower oxygen deficient system that develops seasonally (during late summer and autumn) over the western Indian shelf. The latter appears to have intensified in recent years presumably due to anthropogenic nutrient loading from land.
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