Impact of sinking carbon flux on accumulation of deep-ocean carbon in the Northern Indian Ocean
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The export of carbon through the biological pump from the surface to the deep ocean has a direct influence on the removal of CO sub(2) from the atmosphere. This is because the carbon is sequestered for only a few days to months in the surface while the carbon removed from the surface to deep waters takes hundreds of years to re-enter the atmosphere. The highest dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) is expected in the deep waters of the North Pacific due to longer age of waters. On contrary, the higher deep water DIC is found in the northern Indian Ocean than elsewhere in the World Oceans. The sinking fluxes of particulate organic (POC) and inorganic carbon (CaCO sub(3)) are found to be the highest in the northern Indian Ocean. The rates of bacterial respiration, organic carbon regeneration and inorganic carbon dissolution are also found to be the highest in the northern Indian Ocean than elsewhere. A most efficient biological pump appears to be operating in the northern Indian Ocean that transports surface-derived organic/inorganic carbon to deeper layers where it is converted and stored for longer times in dissolved inorganic form.
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