Biological and biochemical characterization of microfouling on aluminium panels placed in the Arabian Sea
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Microfouling biomass was higher in the shelf waters (< 200 m) as compared with the slope waters (> 200 m). Bacteria were first to colonize on the aluminium surfaces as irregular formations during the initial stages of fouling. The number of fouling diatoms decreased as the depth increased. <i>Nitzschia, Licmophora</i> and <i>Navicula</i> were the most dominant forms. Carbohydrates and lipids were the most abundant constituents in the fouling material as compared with protein.
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